Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes the world tourism organization defines tourists as people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. Tourism, especially nature tourism, is closely linked to biodiversity and the attractions created by a rich and varied environment it can also cause loss of biodiversity when land and resources are strained by excessive use, and when impacts on vegetation, wildlife, mountain, marine and coastal environments and water resources exceed the. Environmental impacts of tourism development and enhance the efficacy of the industry in promoting : long-term sustainable development kenya provides a good example of an african country which has embraced tourism as. 42 local communities and ecotourism development in kimana, kenya journal of tourism, volume xiii, no1, 2012 development in destination areas however, the global nature of tourism.
Wildlife and people: conflict and conservation in masai mara, kenya was a three year research and training programme based in and around the masai mara national reserve, kenya. Environmental impact while nature-based tourism provides substantial incentive for environmental preservation, numerous negative environmental impacts result from the unmanaged influx of visitors in an area. This paper looks at how tourism has affected the environment in kenya and what is being done about it. 1 environmental impacts: impacts that affect the carrying capacity of the area, vegetation, air quality, bodies of water, the water table, wildlife, and natural phenomena.
Tourism has many effects on the environment of kenya too one benefit is that it helps to protect wild animals and scenery so tourists can see them the effect of tourism in the french alps. Tourism brings income to kenya and gives tourists a greater understanding of the area's animals and plants the serengeti is especially popular for safari holidays, which give tourists a chance to. The environmental impacts of tourism and the implementation of a monitoring and management system would also aid goa fortunately, some of these issues will be covered by the ﬁindia. Environmental impact assessments (eias) have served as recognized project planning tools for more than forty years kenya and many other african nations have passed legislation making such assessments mandatory, especially for large and what may be termed environmentally sensitive projects.
Key facts the republic of kenya is a country in eastern africa, with a population of approximately 4161 million people it lies on the equator and is bordered by ethiopia (north), somalia (east), tanzania (south), uganda (west), and sudan (northwest), with the indian ocean running along the southeast border. The tourism crisis could result in further degradation of the environment, increasing the complexity of environmental problems such as ocean acidification, climate change, pollution, and further. Tourism menu what is tourism how has tourism grown tourism in an medc - uk tourism in an ledc - kenya ecotourism tourism can have a negative environmental. Kenya's environmental resources contribute directly and indirectly to the local and national economy through revenue generation and wealth creation in such productive sectors as agriculture, ﬁ sheries, livestock. § tourism is the biggest foreign exchange earner in kenya (allowing the country to import more goods) (rather than selling cash crops, eg tea or coffee) § 8% of the land is game reserves (40 game reserves in total.
Wildlife tourism in africa has increased steadily over the years as more and more tourists visit africa's legendary wildlife in the early 1980's, kenya's mara nature reserve was home to approximately half a dozen lodges and held fewer than 300 beds. Economic benefits economic benefits resulting from tourism can take a number of forms including: 1 jobs employment may be associated directly, such as tour guide or managerial positions or in. The environmental impacts of tourism can be considered in terms of: broad or general categories that relate closely to the categorization of tourist assets or attractions found in physical, biological, socioeconomic, natural, built, and cultural environments the nature of the impacts over time or space. The present paper is devoted to the discussion of the environmental impacts of tourism and contains discussion of economic benefits of tourism compared to its ecological impacts from an environmental point of view, tourism is one of the forms of nature usage.
Tourism is one of the world's largest industries and biggest employers, with both positive and negative effects of inbound and outbound tourism felt on economic, environmental and social levels. Ledc tourist areas tourism in ledc's continues to become more popular and this has both positive and negative effects on the countries involved if we take the example of kenya, we can see that there are several advantages and disadvantages to the rapid increase in visitor numbers. Tourism, like anything else, has an impact on kenya - both directly and indirectly but it's a mixed bag when it comes to evaluating the impact of tourism dollars on the economy as much as tourism helps the country and its citizens develop and thrive, there are negatives that must be considered. 2 ecotourism and sustainable development in kenya robertson ndegwa ngunyi abstract the purpose of this paper is to provide abridgment of the current state of affairs in kenya, critically examine the impacts and the challenges of ecotourism investigate the potential of ecotourism as a strategy for sustainable development and suggest ways to.
3 social impacts of tourism in brazil 2014 preface in october 2013 i have started a research on the social impacts of tourism in latin america this is an important pillar of the global sustainable tourism review (gstr), led. Tourism can impact positively on the environment in three ways firstly, by allowing controlled access to protect the area thereby minimising the potential destruction of natu ral assets.
The major environmental impact of biomass energy may be that of loss of biodiversity transforming natural ecosystems into energy plantations with a very small number of crops, as few as one, can drastically reduce the biodiversity of a region. Ecotourism kenya promotes responsible tourism practices within the tourism industry this entails encouraging the adoption of best practices in the use of tourism resources, working with local communities and managing wastes and emissions. The tourism impact to the environment is the most negative aspectwholesale damage has been caused to large areas that will be very difficult indeed to reclaimtourism,tourist activity as a phenomenon of mass flows requires substantial infrastructure supported by intricate service networkscareful planning has not always been applied with a.