Communalism arises among the society when a particular religious or sub-religious group tries to promote its own interests at the expense of others. Communalism refers to an ideology on which, communal politics rests in the late 19th and early 20th centuries communalism grew rampant and that led at last to the partition of india in 1947 conquest of india by the british ended the glorious rule of the mughals during the great revolt of 1857. The growth of communalism in india article shared by : along with the rise of nationalism, communalism too made its appearance around the end of the nineteenth century and posed the biggest threat to the unity of the indian people and the national movement. Resources for all concerned with culture of authoritarianism in society, banalisation of communalism, rise of the far right in india (and with occasional information on other countries of south asia and beyond. New delhi -- even as key leaders in the bharatiya janata party government denounced the rising chorus against intolerance in the country as a politically-motivated process, communal incidents in.
A number of communal and sectarian political parties and organisations are present in india muslim league, jamaat—islami, hindu mahasabha, akali dal, vishwa hindu parishad are directly or indirectly responsible for the emergence of communalism. The vivisection of mother india angered hindus, making communalism on hindu side rise muslims who moved to pakistan or hindus who moved to india became the victims of the partition of india in the conclusion, it is really clear that the british involvement & intervention in india and the political clash between muslims & hindus has led the. The rise of nationalism had threatened the british power in india and their efforts obviously were directed to suppress it now an important feature of the national movement was that it took longer to spread amongst the muslim community. The rise and growth of communalism before we discuss the growth of communalism in modern india, it is perhaps useful to define the term and point to certain basic fallacies regarding it communalism is basically an ideology with which we have lived so long that it appears to be a simple, easily understood notion.
The rise of communalism in india communalism could be defined as a consciously shared religious heritage, which becomes the dominant form of identity for a given segment of society (jones 1968) it mainly occurred between muslims and hindus. The stagnant economy of india during the british rule was an important factor for the growth of communalism in india it was deeply rooted in and was an expression of the interests and aspirations. The rise of communalism in the late 19th century further accelerated by the british rulers and lack of generosity shown by the indian nationalists made the muslim population feel vulnerable this feeling of vulnerability further led to the demand of separate state.
5 rise of communalism in india introduction: communalism is defined as a theory of a society that is divided into several small, independent communes and the state is just a confederation of these communes. As, we have discussed above, communalism in india is a modern phenomenon, which has become threat to india's unity in diversity we will see the various stages:- we will see the various stages:- first stage was rise of nationalist hindu, muslim, sikh, etc with only first element of communalism as discussed above.
7 the montford reforms and government of india act 1919 extended the communal electorates to include the sikhs 8 the frustration resulting from the withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement was taken advantage of by communal elements and this resulted in numerous communal riots. The congress failed to evolve a suitable strategy to counter the rise of communalism 1928: the nehru report on constitutional reforms as suggested by the congress was opposed by muslim hardliners and the sikh league. Communalism in india has developed through a long and complex process bearing burden of history and sectarian politics contentsburden of historysimultaneous rise of nati gk, general studies, optional notes for upsc, ias, banking, civil services.
Achin vanaik it is widely agreed that the spectre of growing communalism is the most important issue facing india today in the battle for the soul of indian national. Communalism was also fostered through the writing of the indian history the actual motives behind the partition were different31/08/2015 rise and growth of communalism in india history essay people from the hindu. There has been history of communal riot in the british india between hindu-muslim on very small scale but the height of these communal riot reached 4 times in the indian past that has really impacted the social structure in indian society as whole. The rise of hindrabia the process of creating a hindu mirror image of radical islam is underway india's shrinking space for syncretism will struggle to resist its growth.
Page 10 communalism in modern india conclusion due to the british rule in india, the rise and growth of communalism came into existence and which shaped the political life of the country this gave birth to certain organizations and began to function for their own people. The rise and growth of communalism communalism emerged as a consequence of the emergence of modern politics as jawaharlal nehru said 'one must not forget that communalism is a latter-day phenomenon which has grown up before our eyes', which means that this ideology came into being in the recent-past and it was a result of the conditions. Due to the rise and growth of the bhartiya janata party (bjp) with its sister organizations in indian politics, the existence of the muslim political elite's communal attitude, acceptance of liberalized economic policy by india and the rise in mutual suspicion and hostile attitude among both muslims. Root causes for the rise of communalism in india and prevention measurements today, i am trying to give an impartial review and reply of the above mentioned question.