We have long needed a modern account of the ideas of henry george, one set in the context of the vast inequalities of wealth in the gilded age, the rise and fall of a powerful labor movement, and george's campaign for mayor of new york city in 1886. Start studying history chapter 16 learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. William graham sumner (october 30, 1840 - april 12, 1910) was a classical liberal american social scientist he taught social sciences at yale, where he held the nation's first professorship in sociology. Henry george (september 2, 1839 - october 29, 1897) was an american political economist and journalist his writing was immensely popular in the 19th century, and sparked several reform movements of the progressive era. In 1879, the economist henry george penned a massive bestseller exploring the contradictory rise of both rapid economic growth and crippling poverty andrew carnegie's gospel of wealth (1889) andrew carnegie, the american steel titan, explains his vision for the proper role of wealth in american society.
Henry george's book progress and poverty (1879) urged that the government use tax income to fund social programs for the poor, while lester frank ward's dynamic sociology (1883) also argued that government power be harnessed for social aid. Publisher's forword we owe bob drake a debt of gratitude for this meticulous condensation and modernization of henry george's great work the original version had an elegance that evoked a passion for social justice among millions of readers in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. William graham sumner on social darwinism (ca1880s) william graham sumner, a sociologist at yale university, penned several pieces associated with the philosophy of social darwinism in the following, sumner explains his vision of nature and liberty in a just society. William graham sumner: william graham sumner, us sociologist and economist, prolific publicist of social darwinism like the british philosopher herbert spencer, sumner, who taught at yale from 1872 to 1909, expounded in many essays his firm belief in laissez-faire, individual liberty, and the innate inequalities among.
Henry george ran for mayor of new york in 1886 on a labor ticket the events of 1886 suggested that labor might be on the verge of establishing itself as a permanent political force this site and the materials contained herein ©2010 ww norton and company, inc , unless otherwise stated. When herbert spencer and william graham sumner applied their survival of the fittest doctrine to a free society, they reached conclusions that differed radically from the position attributed to social darwinists. This paper examines the relationship between the development of industrial capitalism and the development of modern social science in the united states through the writings of two of the best-known writers on social science in the late nineteenth century: henry george, the apostle of the rights of labor and author of the classic critique of private ownership of land, progress and poverty.
William graham sumner became a leading proponent of social darwinism, arguing that the wealthy were rich because of natural selection and argued that their wealth was a social service sumner argued that hereditary wealth allowed the fittest to pass on their virtues to children. How does william sumner explain the existence of poverty and social inequality find answers now no 1 questions & answers place. William graham sumner is a more important historical figure than i had realized until recently according to the wikipedia article on him, william graham sumner (october 30, 1840 - april 12, 1910) was an american academic and held the first professorship in sociology at yale college.
During the gilded age (1870-1895), many americans wondered what to do about those who suffered from the phenomenal economic development a yale professor named william graham sumner provides his ideas to a solution in his 1883 book. William graham sumner defended income inequality, as rick santorum recently has the warren j samuels portrait collection/duke university last month, rick santorum announced that he likes inequality. This association of poverty with progress is the great enigma of our times it is the central fact from which spring industrial, social, and political difficulties that perplex the world, and with which statesmanship and philanthropy and education grapple in vain.
The country is governed for the richest, for the corporations, the bankers, the land speculators, and for the exploiters of labor the majority of mankind are working people. How did henry george propose to address economic inequality how did his views differ from those of the social darwinists why was carnegie, despite his admiration for spencer, not really a social darwinist. Andrew carnegie, henry george and william graham sumner had played influential roles during their gilded ages they were a mission on eliminating poverty and defining the ways in which wealth must be spent. Discover william graham sumner famous and rare quotes share william graham sumner quotations about war, duty and life henry george writer edward bellamy author.
William graham sumner and henry george's statements may be analyzed to reveal two unique viewpoints regarding economic inequalities of the late nineteenth century william graham sumner renders several statements, of concern, that may be further observed. Henry george and the crisis of inequality book description: america's remarkable explosion of industrial output and national wealth at the end of the nineteenth century was matched by a troubling rise in poverty and worker unrest. The book in which henry george proposed a single tax on real estate that would replace all other taxes: the knights of labor regarded inequalities of wealth and. Praise for henry george and the crisis of inequality this social biography of henry george is a beautifully written, deeply researched, carefully argued, and analytically nuanced book.